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Together with the OrthoCarolina Research Institute, a team of OrthoCarolina Sports Medicine Center physicians embarked on a research project to help even the gender divide, studying distal bicep repair specifically in women.

Historically, women's health has been vastly under-researched in clinical studies. Dr. Pat Connor led the project with the goal of educating other physicians that, in fact, women do rupture their biceps and this injury may present differently for women than men.

"It's important to know that distinction as we treat our patients to avoid any prolonged pain that can come from a delayed diagnosis," Dr. Connor said.

The results of the study were eye-opening as the research team was able to compile the largest cohort of female distal bicep repair patients ever published.

Until a few years ago, Dr. Connor said he almost never saw distal bicep ruptures in women. Although still rare, they are seeing more women injure their biceps to the point of needing surgery.

The group found that their female patients tend to undergo surgery at an older age compared to men in a similar OrthoCarolina study and that surgical solutions were successful in both male and female patients. The key difference they found between men and women who require distal bicep repair surgery is that the injury sometimes presents differently.

The common indicator for a ruptured distal bicep is when the tendon "rolls up the arm like a window shade,” Dr. Connor explained. In the female patients observed for this study, the tendon didn’t always detach.

The OrthoCarolina Research Institute is leading the charge to facilitate relevant orthopedic research which advances orthopedic treatments, improves the quality of life for patients, and educates the medical community.

 With your support, OCRI can continue vital orthopedic research like this study to help physicians provide each & every patient with the highest quality care. Help OCRI change lives by making a donation today.


August 11, 2022

Four months post op and doing great.
- Kris McCarthy

April 29, 2022

Has Dr. Connor compared the long-term results of distal tear repairs in women vs men? I have a partial tear that has not healed after almost a year. Because the tendon is still attached, and due to the infrequency of surgical repair on women, surgery isn't advised. I am seeking more information
- C
Reply From: OrthoCarolina

April 29, 2022

Hi! Thank you for your question - Dr. Connor is a wealth of knowledge on this topic and would be happy to discuss with you in person, specifically geared towards your needs and so he can answer your questions. You can book an appointment with him here:

April 11, 2022

Very much appreciate the research. I’m female and my distal bicep tear presented much differently than what is commonly seen in males.
- Kris McCarthy
Reply From: OrthoCarolina

April 14, 2022

Thank you for your comment, Kris. We are big proponents in well rounded research in orthopedics to provide the best care. How are you doing since tear?