Graston Technique

Chris Gabriel, PT, OCS, CSCS

The Graston technique can be a useful muscle injury repair tool when incorporated into a full treatment plan. 

For centuries, the Chinese Gua sha technique has been used to promote healing by scraping muscle tissue to stimulate blood flow. In the early '90s, amateur athlete David Graston introduced a variation of this technique in the United States. Graston, who had a knee injury at the time, developed the unique tool and massage technique now referred to as the “Graston technique” to treat himself.

This technique has since been used to help thousands of athletes and weekend warriors recover from strained and pulled muscles, ligaments and tendons. Patients with chronic pain and inflammation have also benefited.


How does the Graston Technique work?

Muscles are comprised of different fibers, and as fibers become tight, they build up toxins. The Graston technique uses a stainless-steel instrument and special massage method to identify areas of muscle adhesion, or scar-like tissue, that can be improved. 

A healthcare provider uses the instrument and massage in combination to stretch and relax the muscle tissues. This helps increase blood flow and restore movement patterns in injured tissues.

In the clinic, I begin treatment by having patients warm up their soft tissues. They can perform this warm-up with a stationary bike, elliptical machine or simple dynamic movements. Next, I’ll push the tool gently across the injured area using big, broad strokes. The tool helps me sense muscle vibrations and identify specific areas to work.

I’ve seen patients who have benefited greatly from the technique and have also seen patients who did not. 


Here are three reasons the treatment can fall short:

  • No pain, no gain
    • There will be some discomfort during treatment, but the instrument and massage should not cause intense pain. Some slight bruising may occur. 
    • However, if bruises appear often, the technique is being administered too intensely. The technique does not need to bruise or cause pain to be effective.
  • Single treatment 
    • While patients will generally feel better after the first treatment, it typically takes three to four treatments before patients will sense lasting relief. 
    • The technique should be used within the course of a full treatment plan, including active stretching, strengthening and dynamic exercise to maximize healing.
  • At-home fix
    • Self-treating with the wrong tools and without expert help can cause more harm than good. I have seen patients try to perform a Graston-like technique at home using butter knives or wrenches. Unfortunately, they often apply too much pressure or target the wrong areas, making the problem worse. 
    • To progress treatment at home, I may recommend additional exercises using safer tools such as a lacrosse ball or foam roller.

Chris Gabriel, PT, OCS (Board Certified Orthopedic Specialist), CSCS (Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist), practices with the OrthoCarolina Wellness Center. Chris and his team treat a range of patients for orthopedic and sports medicine needs. He enjoys working with various local high school, college, and professional sports teams.

Comments

July 21, 2022

After a hip replacement, I was still having lots of pain. The recovery just wasn’t going well after 12 weeks! I decided to change physical therapists. My new one used this technique to help loosen scar tissue and wow! I felt relief after the first time. I was so happy and relieved! I can’t say how much this has helped me!
- Donna

June 14, 2022

Is it appropriate for a technician to perform Graston while the licensed therapist is not in the room? I am in KS
- Rebecca
Reply From: OrthoCarolina

June 14, 2022

Hi Rebecca, thank you for your question. We are based in the Carolinas, so our best recommendation is for you to direct this question to your PT clinic's manager as practice acts can vary by state.

February 21, 2022

My therapist did this technique to my lower spine because of angry nerves running down my legs. It's working! The pain in my legs and knee are leaving...to me it's a miracle.
- MARY
Reply From: OrthoCarolina

February 25, 2022

We are so glad this technique allowed you relief from pain!