Goals & Objectives
The educational goal of the Hand Fellowship Program at OrthoCarolina, P.A. is to prepare with the fellow with the fundamental skill set to become an upper extremity expert in a private or academic setting upon completion from the program.
The program affords a wide variety of exposure and instruction in all aspects of hand and upper extremity surgery. We have an extensive didactic lecture schedule including numerous clinical conferences. In the office, the fellows will gain insight into the evaluation, diagnosis, and clinical workup of patients presenting with the full spectrum of upper extremity disorders. With nine practicing hand surgeons involved in fellowship education, our group offers a very vast array of surgical and nonsurgical pathology. Annually the OrthoCarolina Hand Center treats over 50,000 patients and performs over 7,900 surgeries. We have a very diverse practice ranging from brachial plexus reconstruction to fingertip reconstruction. We take call at a level 1 trauma center and have extensive experience in the management of complex wounds.
Listed below are the educational objectives and required competencies as defined and outlined by the ACGME specific to the Hand Fellowship Curriculum. The sheer volume and very nature of our large hand practice will ensure these goals are met.
OrthoCarolina Hand Center
- Fellows will gain experience in history taking, physical examination of the upper extremity, injections, interpretation of radiographic studies, casting and other office-based procedures. Additionally, congenital hand clinic is held monthly in the office. Many didactic sessions from the lecture schedule are held here.
- All fellows will also attend the OrthoCarolina Congenital Hand Clinic which is held ½ day per month. There are 3 faculty devoted to this clinic that will be present at all times. Fellows will perform the initial evaluation, order necessary x-rays, and synthesize a treatment plan to present to the faculty. The team of attendings and fellows will jointly formulate a plan of care.
- Also, we have a dedicated brachial plexus clinic which is held ½ day per month. This will be run in the same fashion as the congenital hand clinic in terms of fellow responsibility.
- Amputee Clinic will be starting up in August 2016
Monthly Amputee Clinic: Fellows evaluate and treat upper extremity amputees ranging from partial hand amputation to shoulder-level amputees. Appropriate prosthetic fit and training as well as cutting edge surgery are discussed and performed.
Myers Park Clinic
- Myers Park is the second outpatient clinic, which is run by the fellows, where the fellows are able to make independent assessment and treatment decisions without an attending staff surgeon physically present. Fellows discuss cases encountered in this clinic with the attending surgeons and plan surgery accordingly. While independence is encouraged, attending surgeon availability for cases must occur 100% of the time. The residents on the hand service are also directly involved in the operation of the Myers Park Clinic. In this setting, the fellow serves as a faculty mentor for the residents and is expected to enhance the educational experience of all residents involved.
Carolinas Medical Center
- Fellows will gain experience in Level I trauma reconstruction, advanced microsurgical skills including replants, nerve and artery repairs, and free tissue transfers, arthroplasty of the shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand, congenital hand differences, resident education and Myers Park Clinic.
Carolinas Medical Center - Mercy
- Fellows will gain experience in inpatient and outpatient surgical skills including arthroscopy, fractures and nerve and tendon repair. CMC-Mercy houses an anatomy lab and arthroscopic simulator that are used by the fellows.
- Fellows will gain experience in inpatient and outpatient surgical skills including arthroscopy, fractures, and nerve and tendon repair
Charlotte Surgery Center, Mallard Creek Surgery Center, and Matthews Surgery Center
- Exclusively outpatient ambulatory surgery centers. The majority of cases are carpal tunnel, trigger finger, CMC arthroplasty and other short duration common surgical hand procedures. Additionally, fellows will learn the pros and cons of the business side of hand surgery in terms of ownership
- Open surgery – trauma, reconstruction, nerve compression, arthritis, infections
- Arthroscopy of the shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand
- Implants for the treatment of arthritis
- Brachial plexus, nerve transfers, stroke, CP, SCI
- Micro - flaps / replants
- Congenital hand surgery
- While this is not a strictly microsurgical fellowship, we believe that basic competence in microsurgical vessel anastomosis and a full array of free tissue transfer should be within the armamentarium of the graduating hand fellow.
- Fellows will be taking hand call on average 1 in 5 nights. Normal ACGME requirements are adhered to. For emergency room or inpatient consultations at CMC, the junior residents consult the senior residents, who then involve the fellow as appropriate. The fellow then involves the attending surgeon. For ER and inpatient consults at Presbyterian and Mercy, the fellow will evaluate the patient then discuss the case with the on call hand attending. Participation in general orthopedic trauma call is offered, but not mandatory (to maintain skills developed during residency)
- At the onset of the fellowship, fellows will take an all expenses paid microsurgical training course. Following that, fellows will have a ½ day per month set aside for additional training on animal models at the Carolinas Medical Center. This is under the direction of Dr. Ryan Garcia. Once fellows have gained microsurgical expertise they will serve as microsurgical instructors for the orthopedic residents at Carolinas Medical Center during that ½ day per month. These microsurgical skills will be used for on-call trauma cases such as revascularizations, digital replantation, and major limb replantation as well as for elective cases such as free fibular transfers, nerve repairs from brachial plexus to fingertips, free tissue transfers, and upper extremity vascular reconstruction.
- Didactic curriculum: All hand faculty presently dedicate 1 hr every morning to teaching. We have weekly grand rounds and M&M on Mondays. Wednesday morning conference includes faculty lectures on a variety of topics. Other sessions include hand journal club, research meetings, preoperative indications conference, and microsurgical skills taught at CMC utilizing animal models. There is an arthroscopic simulator that Fellows can use as well as access to cadaver lab to be used for anatomy teaching on a monthly basis. We have a separate Orthopaedic Research Institute (501C3) with dedicated training for Fellows in research.
- Mayo Clinic Microsurgery Course
- ASSH Fellows Flap Course / ASSH Annual Meeting
- One week traveling fellowship
- Industry courses available by request
Research is a priority of the fellowship. Fellows will devote at least one-half day each week primarily to clinical and laboratory research, including combined projects with the hand faculty and independent research. The fellow is expected to complete one original research project with the goal of publication in a peer-reviewed journal.
The fellows are supported in large part by the OrthoCarolina Research Institute, a 501(c)(3) research organization with 16 full-time staff. The staff is available to assist the fellows in understanding the research process, regulatory and compliance issues, and the complexities of managing and completing a scientific study. We also have a full-time dedicated hand research coordinator.
Laboratory and Research Facilities
- Cadaver bioskills lab
- Microsurgical lab on the Carolinas Medical Center Campus
- Dedicated fellows study area with work space and computer access
- A videotape library (at CMC) which includes educational DVDs on anatomical dissections and surgical procedures for instructional use by OrthoCarolina’s fellows
- Computer-aided instruction: OrthoCarolina’s IT Department, as well as the OrthoCarolina Research Institute, is available to provide assistance with computer graphics, PowerPoint presentations, scanning, digital photography. Other video editing and video productions are available to Fellows at Carolinas HealthCare System’s audio/video department
- Access to (a) a major medical library, (b) electronic retrieval of information and medical databases:
(a) The Fellow has full access to the Carolinas HealthCare System Medical Library. Located on the campus of Carolinas Medical Center the AHEC Library & Information Resource Center offers a comprehensive array of both print and online resources to satisfy the informational and educational needs of all healthcare providers in the Charlotte region
(b) The AHEC Digital Library is available for all North Carolina healthcare professionals. It includes hundreds of full-text journals and textbooks; electronic databases such as MEDLINE, CINAHL and Cochrane; comprehensive health information sites such as MDConsult; and other medical information links